Does pre-ejaculate contain sperm?

My answer follows the question below.

Hi Katie,

I'm not sure if you're still updating your website Garden of Fertility.

If you are, I'd just like to draw your attention to the "Test Your Fertility IQ"
page here:

At #8 you have put the following:

8. Pre-ejaculate contains enough sperm to cause a pregnancy
          or HIV. True or False. 

          A: True.

I'm wondering if you still hold true with this? I have found some other links that
say otherwise:

Just would like to hear your thoughts.

Thanks for your question. I see that several studies now show that

pre-ejaculate does not contain sperm UNLESS the man recently ejaculated

but has not urinated since the first ejaculation. I don't know what

current studies say about whether HIV can be transmitted by


I figure that these questions are relevant to people who want to use

withdrawal to prevent pregnancy. It still seems risky as a method of

preventing pregnancy.I would not recommend it unless the woman is having

an undoubtedly infertile day.


Katie Singer

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